All You Need to Know About the Abortion Pill

Medical abortion can be performed by a woman at her home, at her own comfort as the procedure doesn’t involve anesthesia or introduction of instruments into the body. Moreover, online abortion pills availability has made it easier to reach immediate abortion medication. The number of women undergoing medical abortion is growing since FDA modified its regulations. That being said, many women still have many doubts and confusions regarding medical pregnancy termination. The topic had to be lit with information about this effective and safe procedure, here’s all you need you need to know about the basics of medical abortion.

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What is abortion medication?

An abortion medication isn’t about just one pill, it’s rather a combination of two tablets working together to abort a pregnancy. Mifepristone and Misoprostol are the two medicines used in this medication which shed the uterine lining. The first medicine to be taken is Mifepristone which blocks progesterone, a powerful hormone that sustains the pregnancy. With this, the embryo gets detached from the uterine wall. Misoprostol, on the other hand, is consumed after 24 hours after taking the first pill. It causes cramps, evacuating the uterus.

A medication abortion is 98% effective for women up to 8 weeks pregnant. While for up to 8-9 weeks, the medication is 96% effective, and 93% for 9-10 weeks of gestation.

Who are eligible?

Medical abortions is safe and secure option first-trimester gestations. The Food and Drug Administration has given extended consent for medication abortions from 7-10 weeks in 2016. Women with more than 10 weeks of gestation cannot go with medical abortion and will have to go with in-clinic abortion in such cases. Women above 18 years are eligible to get medication abortions done.

Where can you reach for medication?

This part becomes delicate as it differs from country to country and states keep changing their regulations concerning medication abortion. Locally, medication abortion may be available at your regular gynaecologist or local county health clinic. Several areas require the doctor who prescribed the medication to be in the physical presence of the pregnant woman. While many other states allow women to self-do their abortion. Nowadays, women can easily buy abortion pills online.

What can be the expected outcome?

Most women do not experience side effects as such after taking mifepristone, the first medicine. However, it’s okay to feel unusual and nausea or start bleeding. After 3-5 hours of taking the second dose which is Misoprostol, it results in a lot of cramping and starts bleeding. For some, the cramping is equivalent to normal period pain while others experience extreme cramps, nausea and soak 3-4 pads a day.

It’s normal to see large blood clots or globs of tissue in this phase. Bleeding can last up to a week or two. The intensity of cramps gets decreased with time. You can take anti-nausea tablets prescribed by the doctor.

Ideally, this experience ends with pregnancy termination. Although you may have to visit your doctor for reassurance of successful abortion.

What are side effects?

Bleeding and cramping ( Primary indicators of abortion )

Dizziness, fatigue and nausea

Vomiting and diarrhea,

A mild fever up to about 100 degrees.

These side effects go on their own and the body heals eventually within two weeks. Consult your physician if your fever goes above 100 degrees. Chances of infection in a medication abortion are rare but not completely impossible. Your doctor can prescribe antibiotics to cure any of above side effects.

Is it safe?

In a medical survey, it was found that less than 1% of women who did their medical abortions faced serious complications or unsuccessful abortion.  The most common unfavourable consequence is an incomplete abortion and then the patient can decide if she wishes continue medication or go for a clinic abortion.





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